British Executions

Coll Oxburgh

Age: unknown

Sex: male

Crime: murder

Date Of Execution: 14 May 1716

Crime Location:

Execution Place: unknown

Method: hanging

Executioner: unknown



Last      SPEECH



Who was Executed at TVBURN MAY 14th, 1716.

Delevered by him to the Sheriffs, and Printed at LONDON by their

Clifton has made it almost necessary for Persons in my Circum-
stances, to say or leave somewhat by their last Words, declaring
their Sentiments with Relation to what they die for: In Com-
plyance with which, I have thought fit to make the following

In the first Place, I declare I die a Member of the Holy Roman Catho-
lick Church, tho' a very unworthy One ; and I desire all the Members of
that Cmmunion, to assist my Soul with their charitable prayers.

I declare for my self, That I am in Charity with all the World, and
do from my Soul forgive all my Enemies, and all others who have any
Ways injured or done me Wrong And particularly, I forgive all those
who have promoted my Death, by malicious Misrepresentations, or other-
Ways : And earnestly beg GOD to forgive them, and grant them the same
Blessings I desire for my own Soul.

I likewise ask Pardon of all such as I have offended.

It has been said, that the Catholicks, who were taken at Preston., en-
gaged in that Affair in View only of setting a Catholick King on the Throne,
and re-establishing the Catholick Religion in England; but that is not the
only Calumny charged on them, I declare for my own particular, that if
KING JAMES the 3d had been a Protestant, I should think my self obliged
to pay him the same Duty, and do him the same sevice, as if a Catholick;
nor do I know any Catholick that is not of the same Principle : For
I never could find that either by the Laws of GOD, or the Ancient Con-
stitution of the Nation, Difference of Religion in the Prince made any Change
in the Allegiance of the Subject.

I might have hoped, from the great Character Mr. Will gave me at
Preston ( when I treated with him for a Surrender ) of the Clemency of
the Prince now on the Throne (to which he said, We could not better
entitle our selves than by an early Submission ) that such as Surrendered them
selves Prisoners at Discretion, on that Prospect, would have met with more
Lenity than I have Experienced ; and I believe England is the only Coun-
try in Europe, where Prisoners at Discretion are not understoo'd to have their
Lives sav'd.

I pray GOD of his Infinite Goodness restore the Nation to its former
happiness by Extinguishing all unhappy Divisions, that all Animosities
and Feads may be buried and and no other Emulation remain among the
Subjects of Great Britain, but, who shall be most zealons, in advancing the
inn Glory of GOD, and the true Interest of the Nation.


Re-printed by WILLIAM ADAM'S Junier, and sold at the Printing house
opposite to the Trone Church 1716.


This execution speech begins: 'THE / Last Speech / of / COLL OXBURGH, / Who was executed at TYBURN MAY 14th, 1716. / Delivered by him to the Sheriffs, and Printed at LONDON by their Order.' This sheet was published by William Adams Junior in 1716.

The term 're-printed' is mentioned in the details along the bottom. Often stories were copied from printer to printer, both to save time and money, or plates were reused if the case was ongoing to make the most of the typesetting. This one was 'folded' at the printing house opposite the Tron Church. Different parts of the process were carried out by different trades and often the distributor was separate again. Finally, Adams is known to have been imprisoned for printing texts disparaging the established church - a political forum was another broadside role. Henry Oxburgh was one of a group of prominent Jacobites executed at Tyburn for their part in the rebellion of the previous year.

Reports recounting dark and salacious deeds were popular with the public, and, like today's sensationalist tabloids, sold in large numbers. Crimes could generate sequences of sheets covering descriptive accounts, court proceedings, last words, lamentations and executions as they occurred. As competition was fierce, immediacy was paramount, and these occasions provided an opportunity for printers and patterers to maximise sales.